Tandem Roller. Monday , June 04th , 2018 - 15:10:12 PM
Since the effectiveness of a roller depends to a large extent on its weight self-powered vehicles replaced horse-drawn rollers from the mid-19th century. The first such vehicles were steam rollers. Single-cylinder steam rollers were generally used for base compaction and run with high engine revs in a low gear to promote bounce and vibration from the crankshaft through to the rolls in much the same way as a vibrating roller. The double cylinder or compound steam rollers became popular from around 1910 onwards and were used mainly for the rolling of hot-laid surfaces due to their smoother running engines but both cylinder types are capable of rolling the finished surface.
The next machine is usually a single smooth drum compactor that compacts the high spots down until the soil is smooth and this is usually done in combination with a motor grader to get a level surface. Sometimes at this stage a pneumatic tyre roller would be used. These rollers feature two rows (front and back) of pneumatic tyres that overlap and the flexibility of the tyres provides a kneading action that seals the surface and with some vertical movement of the wheels enables the roller to operate effectively on uneven ground. Once the soil base is flat the pad drum compactor is no longer used on the road surface.
Rollers are also used in landfill compaction. Such compactors typically have padfoot or "sheep s-foot" drums and do not achieve a smooth surface. The pads aid in compression due to the smaller area contacting the ground.
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