dakota excavator, 2017-12-29 03:06:05. Modern hydraulic excavators come in a wide variety of sizes. The smaller ones are called mini or compact excavators. For example, Caterpillarás smallest mini-excavator weighs 2,060 pounds (930 kg) and has 13 hp; their largest model is the largest excavator available (a record previously held by the Orenstein & Koppel RH400), the CAT 6090, which weighs in excess of 2,160,510 pounds (979,990 kg), has 4500 hp, and a bucket as large as 52.0 m³.
dakota excavator, 2017-12-29 03:05:15. Crawler excavator runs on two endless tracks (chain wheel system). These types of excavators are used in hilly areas where risks of sliding of machinery are on the verge. Crawler type excavator has low ground pressure because of spreading of load on large area. Therefore, it is also used where soil support is weak.
dakota excavator, 2017-12-29 03:06:03. The two main sections of an excavator are the undercarriage and the house. The undercarriage includes the blade (if fitted), tracks, track frame, and final drives, which have a hydraulic motor and gearing providing the drive to the individual tracks, and the house includes the operator cab, counterweight, engine, fuel and hydraulic oil tanks. The house attaches to the undercarriage by way of a center pin. High pressure oil is supplied to the tracksá hydraulic motors through a hydraulic swivel at the axis of the pin, allowing the machine to slew 360° unhindered.
mr.wicks Drilling, 2017-09-26 10:19:05. RC drilling proved much faster and more efficient, and continues to improve with better metallurgy, deriving harder, more durable bits, and compressors delivering higher air pressures at higher volumes, enabling deeper and faster penetration. Diamond drilling has remained essentially unchanged since its inception.
mr.wicks Drilling, 2017-09-26 04:25:18. Oil and natural gas drilling rigs are used not only to identify geologic reservoirs but also to create holes that allow the extraction of oil or natural gas from those reservoirs. Primarily in onshore oil and gas fields once a well has been drilled, the drilling rig will be moved off of the well and a service rig (a smaller rig) that is purpose-built for completions will be moved on to the well to get the well on line.
mr.wicks Drilling, 2017-09-25 15:50:27. Hoists in the rig can lift hundreds of tons of pipe. Other equipment can force acid or sand into reservoirs to facilitate extraction of the oil or natural gas; and in remote locations there can be permanent living accommodation and catering for crews (which may be more than a hundred). Marine rigs may operate thousands of miles distant from the supply base with infrequent crew rotation or cycle.
mr.wicks Drilling, 2017-09-25 14:31:36. Some light duty drilling rigs are like a mobile crane and are more usually used to drill water wells. Larger land rigs must be broken apart into sections and loads to move to a new place, a process which can often take weeks.
mr.wicks Drilling, 2017-09-26 06:30:28. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (April 2011) (Learn how and when to remove this template message).
mr.wicks Drilling, 2017-09-26 04:47:41. Until internal combustion engines were developed in the late 19th century, the main method for drilling rock was muscle power of man or animal. The drilling of wells for the manufacture of salt began by the Song Dynasty in China.
mr.wicks Drilling, 2017-09-25 17:36:39. RAB drilling at extreme depth, if it encounters water, may rapidly clog the outside of the hole with debris, precluding removal of drill cuttings from the hole. This can be counteracted, however, with the use of "stabilizers" also known as "reamers", which are large cylindrical pieces of steel attached to the drill string, and made to perfectly fit the size of the hole being drilled. These have sets of rollers on the side, usually with tungsten buttons, that constantly break down cuttings being pushed upwards.
mr.wicks Drilling, 2017-09-26 07:12:49. In the 1970s, outside of the oil and gas industry, roller bits using mud circulation were replaced by the first pneumatic reciprocating piston Reverse Circulation (RC) drills, and became essentially obsolete for most shallow drilling, and are now only used in certain situations where rocks preclude other methods.
mr.wicks Drilling, 2017-09-25 15:58:58. Large truck drills can use over 570 litres (150 US gal) of fuel per day, while the smaller Deeprock Style portable drills use a mere 20 to 75 litres (5 to 20 US gal) of fuel per day. This makes smaller, more portable rigs preferable in remote or hard-to-reach places, and they are more cost effective when fuel prices are high.
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