dakota bulldozer, 2017-12-29 15:14:08. A gas-spring cylinder opens the gull-wing engine side covers widely, allowing the engine and auxiliary components to be easily checked.
dakota bulldozer, 2017-12-29 15:22:43. Large-diameter bushings, increased track link heights, and improved oil-seals help to increase undercarriage durability. Serviceability has also been improved with the addition of remote greasing of the equalizer bar center pin.
dakota bulldozer, 2017-12-29 15:22:36. All steering, direction, and speed changes are made by a left-hand single joystick control. If the operator wants to move the machine forward and to the left, he simply moves the joystick forward and to the left. If he desires a gear change, he merely twists his wrist. The machine responds to the movement of the lever providing the operator with the feeling of natural control with Komatsu's joystick.
mr.wicks Drilling, 2017-09-29 12:38:34. RAB drilling is used most frequently in the mineral exploration industry. (This tool is also known as a Down-the-hole drill.) The drill uses a pneumatic reciprocating piston-driven "hammer" to energetically drive a heavy drill bit into the rock. The drill bit is hollow, solid steel and has ~20 mm thick tungsten rods protruding from the steel matrix as "buttons". The tungsten buttons are the cutting face of the bit.
mr.wicks Drilling, 2017-09-29 12:20:23. This frees up the drilling rig to drill another hole and streamlines the operation as well as allowing for specialization of certain services, i.e., completions vs. drilling.
mr.wicks Drilling, 2017-09-28 12:40:13. Drilling rigs used for rock blasting for surface mines vary in size dependent on the size of the hole desired, and is typically classified into smaller pre-split and larger production holes. Underground mining (hard rock) uses a variety of drill rigs dependent on the desired purpose, such as production, bolting, cabling, and tunnelling.
mr.wicks Drilling, 2017-09-29 05:02:15. Small to medium-sized drilling rigs are mobile, such as those used in mineral exploration drilling, blast-hole, water wells and environmental investigations. Larger rigs are capable of drilling through thousands of metres of the Earth s crust, using large "mud pumps" to circulate drilling mud (slurry) through the drill bit and up the casing annulus, for cooling and removing the "cuttings" while a well is drilled.
mr.wicks Drilling, 2017-09-28 15:19:47. RAB drilling is used primarily for mineral exploration, water bore drilling and blast-hole drilling in mines, as well as for other applications such as engineering, etc. RAB produces lower quality samples because the cuttings are blown up the outside of the rods and can be contaminated from contact with other rocks.
mr.wicks Drilling, 2017-09-28 13:26:33. RAB drilling at extreme depth, if it encounters water, may rapidly clog the outside of the hole with debris, precluding removal of drill cuttings from the hole. This can be counteracted, however, with the use of "stabilizers" also known as "reamers", which are large cylindrical pieces of steel attached to the drill string, and made to perfectly fit the size of the hole being drilled. These have sets of rollers on the side, usually with tungsten buttons, that constantly break down cuttings being pushed upwards.
mr.wicks Drilling, 2017-09-29 09:49:55. Until internal combustion engines were developed in the late 19th century, the main method for drilling rock was muscle power of man or animal. The drilling of wells for the manufacture of salt began by the Song Dynasty in China.
mr.wicks Drilling, 2017-09-29 13:53:09. Auger drilling is done with a helical screw which is driven into the ground with rotation; the earth is lifted up the borehole by the blade of the screw. Hollow stem auger drilling is used for softer ground such as swamps where the hole will not stay open by itself for environmental drilling, geotechnical drilling, soil engineering and geochemistry reconnaissance work in exploration for mineral deposits.
mr.wicks Drilling, 2017-09-28 18:29:05. Hoists in the rig can lift hundreds of tons of pipe. Other equipment can force acid or sand into reservoirs to facilitate extraction of the oil or natural gas; and in remote locations there can be permanent living accommodation and catering for crews (which may be more than a hundred). Marine rigs may operate thousands of miles distant from the supply base with infrequent crew rotation or cycle.
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