dakota excavator, 2017-12-29 03:05:15. Modern hydraulic excavators come in a wide variety of sizes. The smaller ones are called mini or compact excavators. For example, Caterpillarás smallest mini-excavator weighs 2,060 pounds (930 kg) and has 13 hp; their largest model is the largest excavator available (a record previously held by the Orenstein & Koppel RH400), the CAT 6090, which weighs in excess of 2,160,510 pounds (979,990 kg), has 4500 hp, and a bucket as large as 52.0 m³.
dakota excavator, 2017-12-29 03:06:03. The main function of the excavator engine is to drive the hydraulic pumps that provide oil at a high pressure to the slew motor, rams, track motors, and several accessories. Mostly, the boom can move only up and down, or in addition also shift towards the left and right of the machine. An arm is attached to the boom end that imparts the force for digging into the ground. A bucket is fixed at the arm end for carrying the soil. In addition, there are numerous other categories of attachments with the excavator that are used for boring, crushing, lifting, and ripping.
dakota excavator, 2017-12-29 03:06:05. Attached to the end of the boom is the stick (or dipper arm). The stick provides the digging force needed to pull the bucket through the ground. The stick length is optional depending whether reach (longer stick) or break-out power (shorter stick) is required.
mantan Drilling, 2017-12-03 02:41:26. Oil and natural gas drilling rigs are used not only to identify geologic reservoirs but also to create holes that allow the extraction of oil or natural gas from those reservoirs. Primarily in onshore oil and gas fields once a well has been drilled, the drilling rig will be moved off of the well and a service rig (a smaller rig) that is purpose-built for completions will be moved on to the well to get the well on line.
mantan Drilling, 2017-12-03 02:41:26. The well had a particularly small mouth, "as small as a small bowl." Archaeological evidence of the drilling tools used in deep-well dwelling are kept and displayed in the Zigong Salt Industry Museum. According to Salt: A World History, a Qing Dynasty well, also located in Zigong, "continued down to 3,300 feet [1,000 m] making it at the time the deepest drilled well in the world." Mechanised versions of this system persisted until about 1970, using a cam to rapidly raise and drop what, by then, was a steel cable up to 3 mm.
mantan Drilling, 2017-12-03 02:41:28. In the 1970s, outside of the oil and gas industry, roller bits using mud circulation were replaced by the first pneumatic reciprocating piston Reverse Circulation (RC) drills, and became essentially obsolete for most shallow drilling, and are now only used in certain situations where rocks preclude other methods.
mantan Drilling, 2017-12-03 02:41:26. A drilling rig is a machine that creates holes in the earth sub-surface. Drilling rigs can be massive structures housing equipment used to drill water wells, oil wells, or natural gas extraction wells, or they can be small enough to be moved manually by one person and are called augers.
mantan Drilling, 2017-12-03 02:41:27. Mining drilling rigs are used for two main purposes, exploration drilling which aims to identify the location and quality of a mineral, and production drilling, used in the production-cycle for mining.
mantan Drilling, 2017-12-03 02:41:28. Solid flight augers/bucket augers are used in harder ground construction drilling. In some cases, mine shafts are dug with auger drills. Small augers can be mounted on the back of a utility truck, with large augers used for sinking piles for bridge foundations.
mantan Drilling, 2017-12-03 02:41:27. In the 1970s, outside of the oil and gas industry, roller bits using mud circulation were replaced by the first pneumatic reciprocating piston Reverse Circulation (RC) drills, and became essentially obsolete for most shallow drilling, and are now only used in certain situations where rocks preclude other methods.
mantan Drilling, 2017-12-03 02:41:28. In early oil exploration, drilling rigs were semi-permanent in nature and the derricks were often built on site and left in place after the completion of the well. In more recent times drilling rigs are expensive custom-built machines that can be moved from well to well.
mantan Drilling, 2017-12-03 02:41:27. This frees up the drilling rig to drill another hole and streamlines the operation as well as allowing for specialization of certain services, i.e., completions vs. drilling.
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