dakota bulldozer, 2018-01-07 01:44:00. All steering, direction, and speed changes are made by a left-hand single joystick control. If the operator wants to move the machine forward and to the left, he simply moves the joystick forward and to the left. If he desires a gear change, he merely twists his wrist. The machine responds to the movement of the lever providing the operator with the feeling of natural control with Komatsu's joystick.
dakota bulldozer, 2018-01-07 01:43:53. A gas-spring cylinder opens the gull-wing engine side covers widely, allowing the engine and auxiliary components to be easily checked.
dakota bulldozer, 2018-01-07 01:44:05. Large-diameter bushings, increased track link heights, and improved oil-seals help to increase undercarriage durability. Serviceability has also been improved with the addition of remote greasing of the equalizer bar center pin.
mantan Drilling, 2017-12-03 03:08:42. Small mobile drilling rigs are also used to drill or bore piles. Rigs can range from 100 ton continuous flight auger (CFA) rigs to small air powered rigs used to drill holes in quarries, etc. These rigs use the same technology and equipment as the oil drilling rigs, just on a smaller scale.
mantan Drilling, 2017-12-03 03:08:41. In the 1970s, outside of the oil and gas industry, roller bits using mud circulation were replaced by the first pneumatic reciprocating piston Reverse Circulation (RC) drills, and became essentially obsolete for most shallow drilling, and are now only used in certain situations where rocks preclude other methods.
mantan Drilling, 2017-12-03 03:08:40. Until internal combustion engines were developed in the late 19th century, the main method for drilling rock was muscle power of man or animal. The drilling of wells for the manufacture of salt began by the Song Dynasty in China.
mantan Drilling, 2017-12-03 03:08:42. Oil and natural gas drilling rigs are used not only to identify geologic reservoirs but also to create holes that allow the extraction of oil or natural gas from those reservoirs. Primarily in onshore oil and gas fields once a well has been drilled, the drilling rig will be moved off of the well and a service rig (a smaller rig) that is purpose-built for completions will be moved on to the well to get the well on line.
mantan Drilling, 2017-12-03 03:08:41. RAB drilling is used most frequently in the mineral exploration industry. (This tool is also known as a Down-the-hole drill.) The drill uses a pneumatic reciprocating piston-driven "hammer" to energetically drive a heavy drill bit into the rock. The drill bit is hollow, solid steel and has ~20 mm thick tungsten rods protruding from the steel matrix as "buttons". The tungsten buttons are the cutting face of the bit.
mantan Drilling, 2017-12-03 03:08:41. The drilling mechanisms outlined below differ mechanically in terms of the machinery used, but also in terms of the method by which drill cuttings are removed from the cutting face of the drill and returned to surface.
mantan Drilling, 2017-12-03 03:08:40. Other, heavier, truck rigs are more complicated, thus requiring more skill to run. They re also more difficult to handle safely due to the longer 6-to-9-metre (20 to 30 ft) drill pipe. Large truck rigs also require a much higher overhead clearance to operate.
mantan Drilling, 2017-12-03 03:08:40. Hoists in the rig can lift hundreds of tons of pipe. Other equipment can force acid or sand into reservoirs to facilitate extraction of the oil or natural gas; and in remote locations there can be permanent living accommodation and catering for crews (which may be more than a hundred). Marine rigs may operate thousands of miles distant from the supply base with infrequent crew rotation or cycle.
mantan Drilling, 2017-12-03 03:08:42. Drilling rigs used for rock blasting for surface mines vary in size dependent on the size of the hole desired, and is typically classified into smaller pre-split and larger production holes. Underground mining (hard rock) uses a variety of drill rigs dependent on the desired purpose, such as production, bolting, cabling, and tunnelling.
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