mr.wicks Drilling, 2017-09-19 16:14:15. The drilling mechanisms outlined below differ mechanically in terms of the machinery used, but also in terms of the method by which drill cuttings are removed from the cutting face of the drill and returned to surface.
mr.wicks Drilling, 2017-09-19 16:17:29. Small to medium-sized drilling rigs are mobile, such as those used in mineral exploration drilling, blast-hole, water wells and environmental investigations. Larger rigs are capable of drilling through thousands of metres of the Earth s crust, using large "mud pumps" to circulate drilling mud (slurry) through the drill bit and up the casing annulus, for cooling and removing the "cuttings" while a well is drilled.
mr.wicks Drilling, 2017-09-19 15:50:02. Large truck drills can use over 570 litres (150 US gal) of fuel per day, while the smaller Deeprock Style portable drills use a mere 20 to 75 litres (5 to 20 US gal) of fuel per day. This makes smaller, more portable rigs preferable in remote or hard-to-reach places, and they are more cost effective when fuel prices are high.
mr.wicks Drilling, 2017-09-19 16:01:04. There are a variety of drill mechanisms which can be used to sink a borehole into the ground. Each has its advantages and disadvantages, in terms of the depth to which it can drill, the type of sample returned, the costs involved and penetration rates achieved. There are two basic types of drills: drills which produce rock chips, and drills which produce core samples.
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mr.wicks Drilling, 2017-09-19 16:37:38. RAB drilling at extreme depth, if it encounters water, may rapidly clog the outside of the hole with debris, precluding removal of drill cuttings from the hole. This can be counteracted, however, with the use of "stabilizers" also known as "reamers", which are large cylindrical pieces of steel attached to the drill string, and made to perfectly fit the size of the hole being drilled. These have sets of rollers on the side, usually with tungsten buttons, that constantly break down cuttings being pushed upwards.
mr.wicks Drilling, 2017-09-19 16:27:56. Until internal combustion engines were developed in the late 19th century, the main method for drilling rock was muscle power of man or animal. The drilling of wells for the manufacture of salt began by the Song Dynasty in China.
mr.wicks Drilling, 2017-09-19 16:35:44. Hoists in the rig can lift hundreds of tons of pipe. Other equipment can force acid or sand into reservoirs to facilitate extraction of the oil or natural gas; and in remote locations there can be permanent living accommodation and catering for crews (which may be more than a hundred). Marine rigs may operate thousands of miles distant from the supply base with infrequent crew rotation or cycle.
mr.wicks Drilling, 2017-09-19 16:21:24. There are many types and designs of drilling rigs, with many drilling rigs capable of switching or combining different drilling technologies as needed. Drilling rigs can be described using any of the following attributes.
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