excavator. Sunday , December 24th , 2017 - 13:07:55 PM
The two main sections of an excavator are the undercarriage and the house. The undercarriage includes the blade (if fitted), tracks, track frame, and final drives, which have a hydraulic motor and gearing providing the drive to the individual tracks, and the house includes the operator cab, counterweight, engine, fuel and hydraulic oil tanks. The house attaches to the undercarriage by way of a center pin. High pressure oil is supplied to the tracksá hydraulic motors through a hydraulic swivel at the axis of the pin, allowing the machine to slew 360° unhindered.
Crawler excavator runs on two endless tracks (chain wheel system). These types of excavators are used in hilly areas where risks of sliding of machinery are on the verge. Crawler type excavator has low ground pressure because of spreading of load on large area. Therefore, it is also used where soil support is weak.
Excavator comes in numerous sizes depending on bucket size, length of boom, length of arm, and operation speed. Performance of excavator can be measured from the production cycle. Production cycle is the time that an excavator took to load the bucket from source, swing, dump, return back and then dig again. Therefore, faster the operation speed, the faster will be the one complete cycle and hence production cycle will increase.
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